Zombie Soil

Noun

“Soil that is mostly dead, decayed, and devoid of life.  Typically made with substrates that are mostly depleted of organic carbon and nutritional content.  Substrates such as peat moss, coconut coir, or compost.”

So, what’s the deal with Peat Moss, Coconut Coir, & Compost?

Just about every soil scientist believes peat, coir, or compost are the only viable foundational ingredients for potting soil.  They also believe that fresh ingredients such as non-composted woody biomass cannot be used as a soil substrate due to a problem called “Nitrogen Immobilization.”  However, there are several known problems related to the use of peat moss, coconut coir, and compost.

Peat Moss

Definition:

“A large absorbent moss that grows in dense masses on boggy ground, where the lower parts decay slowly to form peat deposits. Peat moss is widely used in horticulture, especially for packing plants, and (as peat) for compost.”

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  • Virtually all peat moss used in North America comes from Canada. It is not a locally sourced or locally sustainable resource.
  • Peat Moss contains little to no organic carbon to feed microbes or nutrients for plants.
  • Peat Moss is low in pH (acidic) which very few plants like. As it decomposes it additionally lowers the pH of the soil requiring more additives and adjustments which can destroy the soil environment.
  • Peat is not a healthy environment for earthworms or microorganisms in the soil so it becomes compacted from a lack of aeration limiting the roots ability to spread.
  • Peat Moss can carry disease from the bog of decaying plants it came from. It also retains a large amount of water that pathogens can move easily through and into the awaiting roots of plants.
  • Quality control is a problem with peat because of variable conditions from one peat bog to the next.
  • Environmental issues created:

    Peat bogs are drained to harvest the peat moss which destroys the organisms living there and damages local wildlife population.

    Peat is arguably a non-renewable resource due to the time it takes to regenerate a peat bog after harvest.

    Carbon dioxide is released into the air when bogs are drained causing more pollution and damage to the ozone layer.

Coconut Coir

Definition:

“A natural fiber extracted from the husk of coconut and used in products such as floor mats, doormats, brushes, mattresses, etc.  Brown coir (made from ripe coconut) are in upholstery padding, sacking, and horticulture as a soil conditioner.”

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  • Coir is high in CEC (salts) which prevents the uptake of nutrients such as calcium.
  • Most Coconut Coir comes from the Eastern hemisphere which is not locally sourced in most regions. Due to climates required for growing it creates many distribution problems.
  • Coir contains very little nutrition for plants (NPK 0.2 – 0.01 – 0.78).
  • Coir has a tendency to attract fungus gnats that lay eggs and multiply.
  • Coir contains little to no organic carbon (microbe food) which is needed for microbes to survive and thrive.

    Environmental issues created:

    When coconuts are harvested they are separated into kernel and husk. The kernel (or copra) is either used directly as food or processed into other cooking products or oil. The husk, meanwhile, is sent to fiber mills to be processed and then used to make mattresses, geotextiles, and products for the automotive industry. The by-product of this fiber processing stage is coir pith, which historically would have been burned or simply left outside the fiber mill to rot, but is now itself being processed and shipped to horticultural markets in Europe, Australia, and the USA.

    The most obvious area of concern regarding coir pith is water consumption and pollution. The process of washing and buffering coir pith is hosing or spraying mounds of coir pith. If untreated the run-off (containing salts and other chemical, microbial and physical contaminants) can affect surface water, groundwater, and soils.

Compost

Definition:

“A mixture of decayed or decaying organic matter for use in soil. Compost is usually made by gathering plant material (i.e. leaves, grass clippings, and vegetable peels) into a pile or bin and letting it decompose to create humus.”

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  • Compost is unpredictable and due to inconsistent ingredients pH and NPK levels will vary.
  • If not composted completely & properly pathogens, insects, and bad bacteria are likely to be present.
  • Once the composting process is complete virtually all organic carbon (microbe food) is gone; leaving microbes to starve and die.
  • Humus is the final product of the composting process and contains little to no nutritional value for plants.
  • Added nutrients are essential in compost and too many nutrients can destroy the soil environment.
  • Environmental issues created:

    Gases released from compost piles are a negative effect associated with the composting process. Colonies of anaerobic bacteria can sometimes flourish and produce methane gas. The decomposition process also releases carbon dioxide, volatile organic compounds, bacteria, and fungi. The release of methane and carbon dioxide contributes to the problem of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. Composting facilities usually cause unpleasant odors, and other air emissions are generated by the combustion engines used to power windrow turning machines and grinders.

    Leachate production is also common. Leachate is liquid runoff and condensation from the composting process that can reduce the amount of dissolved oxygen in lakes and streams; damaging their ecosystems and aquatic life.

    The most significant potential environmental problem arising from compost use is its potential to transfer heavy metals into the soil. This is a serious concern and requires quality control standards through:

    • Analysis of composts
    • Enforcement of land application standards
    • The limitation and reduction of contaminants.

Why are Peat, Coir, & Compost considered “Zombie Soil”?

Question:

What makes soil “alive”?

Answer:

The organisms that live within the soil such as “microbes”.

Question:

What do microbes need to survive and thrive?

Answer:

Organic Carbon & Organic Nutrients that come from non-composted biomass and other organic ingredients. Little to no Organic Carbon or Organic Nutrients can be found in Peat, Coir, or Compost.

Question:

How do microbes benefit the soil?

Answer:

Microbes mineralize organic compounds allowing plants access to beneficial nutrients and ultimately increase plant growth and yield.

Why are most potting soils made with these “dead” core ingredients?

Due to the nitrogen immobilization problem caused by too much organic carbon (microbe food) in the soil the industry has been limited to the use of the three main organic carbon and nutrient depleted substrates; peat moss, coconut coir, and compost. These resources have been the only viable solutions; until now!

“We believe it is time for a paradigm shift in the soil industry.  We are offering a globally sustainable soil production solution through the use of locally sourced biomass ingredients. It is time to bring life to our soils through the addition of organic carbon and organic nutrients to form a thriving soil ecosystem.”

Introducing “NIST”

Nutrient Infusion Soil Technology

Ground “mending” technology by OrganiLock

What Is “NIST”?

The process of infusing NPK and other Micro-Nutrients within fresh noncomposted biomass through homogenization, pasteurization, and dehydration to create a fertile long-lasting soil substrate or soil amendment.

NIST ends our dependency on unsustainable nutrition-less soil substrates such as peat moss, coconut coir, and compost.

NIST brings carbon back to the soil, eliminates nitrogen immobilization in the soil & reduces GHG emissions by utilizing waste biomass streams that would otherwise go to landfills.

NIST is the foundation for new types of soil products which have never before been possible.

NIST can be applied to all sectors of the growing industry including home gardening, indoor/outdoor commercial growing, and large agricultural farming.

HOW IS “NIST” POSSIBLE?

NIST is made possible by patent-pending biomass heating and nutrient infusion technologies developed, manufactured, and owned by OrganiLock, Inc.

The combination of these patent-pending technologies holds the key to NIST.

HOW DOES “NIST” COMPARE?

 

  
 
100% Organic
Balanced water retention & drainage
Contains no peat, coir or compost
Consists of locally sourced fresh ingredients
Contains carbon enriching BioChar
Carbonaceous Soil - 3x Carbon Sequestration
- (1) through the use of Premium BioChar
- (2) by using carbon rich fresh ingredients
- (3) via beneficial CO2 root respiration
No greenhouses gasses wasted (CO2 & Methane)
Multiple pH specific soil options
Contains at least 6x more fertilizer
Contains both fast & slow release fertilizer
Releases nitrogen naturally extended over time
Not susceptible to nitrogen immobilization
Reusable factor (grow cycles)
Grow any plant full cycle
Predictable ingredients & results
Pasteurized to remove bugs, seeds & bacteria
Dehydrated for shipping carbon footprint reduction
Expands 25% by volume when hydrated
Indefinite shelf life with no soil degradation
Inoculated with 9 types of beneficial microbes
Sustainable "living" soil ecosystem

Nutrient Infused Soil

100% Organic :
Balanced water retention & drainage :
Contains no peat, coir or compost :
Consists of locally sourced fresh ingredients :
Contains carbon enriching BioChar :
Carbonaceous Soil - 3x Carbon Sequestration :
- (1) through the use of Premium BioChar :
- (2) by using carbon rich fresh ingredients :
- (3) via beneficial CO2 root respiration :
No greenhouses gasses wasted (CO2 & Methane) :
Multiple pH specific soil options :
Contains at least 6x more fertilizer :
Contains both fast & slow release fertilizer :
Releases nitrogen naturally extended over time :
Not susceptible to nitrogen immobilization :
Reusable factor (grow cycles) : 5 - 10
Grow any plant full cycle :
Predictable ingredients & results :
Pasteurized to remove bugs, seeds & bacteria :
Dehydrated for shipping carbon footprint reduction :
Expands 25% by volume when hydrated :
Indefinite shelf life with no soil degradation :
Inoculated with 9 types of beneficial microbes :
Sustainable "living" soil ecosystem:

Zombie Soil

100% Organic : ?
Balanced water retention & drainage : ?
Contains no peat, coir or compost :
Consists of locally sourced fresh ingredients :
Contains carbon enriching BioChar : ?
Carbonaceous Soil - 3x Carbon Sequestration :
- (1) through the use of Premium BioChar : ?
- (2) by using carbon rich fresh ingredients :
- (3) via beneficial CO2 root respiration :
No greenhouses gasses wasted (CO2 & Methane) :
Multiple pH specific soil options :
Contains at least 6x more fertilizer :
Contains both fast & slow release fertilizer :
Releases nitrogen naturally extended over time :
Not susceptible to nitrogen immobilization :
Reusable factor (grow cycles) : 1
Grow any plant full cycle :
Predictable ingredients & results :
Pasteurized to remove bugs, seeds & bacteria :
Dehydrated for shipping carbon footprint reduction :
Expands 25% by volume when hydrated :
Indefinite shelf life with no soil degradation :
Inoculated with 9 types of beneficial microbes :
Sustainable "living" soil ecosystem:

Soil Products Powered by “NIST